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1769 in Great Britain

1769 in Great Britain:

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Sport

1769 English cricket season

Events from the year 1769 in Great Britain. This year sees several key events in the Industrial Revolution.

Contents

1 Incumbents
2 Events

2.1 Undated

3 Publications
4 Births
5 Deaths
6 References
7 See also

Incumbents[edit]

Monarch – George III
Prime Minister – Duke of Grafton (Whig)

Events[edit]

21 January – First of the Letters of Junius, criticising the government, appears in the Public Advertiser.[1]
February–April – John Wilkes is expelled from Parliament three times.
8 April – The Theatre Royal, York, reopens under this title having been granted a Royal Patent.[2] (The manager, Tate Wilkinson, also obtains a patent for his theatre in Hull.)
13 April – First voyage of James Cook: James Cook arrives in Tahiti on the ship HM Bark Endeavour, preparing to observe the transit of the planet Venus, which takes place on 3 June.[3] After the voyage, the data is found to be inaccurate in determining the distance between the Sun and Earth.
25 April–27 May – First Royal Academy summer exhibition held.
29 April – James Watt is granted a British patent for “A method of lessening the consumption of steam in steam engines” – the separate condenser,[4] a key improvement (first devised by Watt in 1765) which stimulates the Industrial Revolution.[1]
3 & 29 May – Eclipse runs his first races, giving rise to the phrase “Eclipse first and the rest nowhere.”
13 June – Josiah Wedgwood opens his Etruria Works for the manufacture of pottery.
28 June – The Morning Chronicle newspaper begins publication in London.
3 July – Richard Arkwright patents a spinning frame able to weave fabric mechanically.[5]
5–7 September – Actor-manager David Garrick stages a Shakespeare Jubilee festival in Stratford-upon-Avon, disrupted by rain and with no performances of Shakespeare’s works.[6]
7 October – James Cook reaches New Zealand.[1]
19 November – Blackfriars Bridge across the River Thames in London opens to the public.[7]

Undated[edit]

Gordon’s London dry gin first produced.[8]
Work on Syon House, Middlesex, to the design of Robert Adam, ceases.[9]
Opening of the Royal Clarence, England’s first hotel.[10]

Publications[edit]

Authorized King James Version of the Bible in the Oxford standard text edited by Benjamin Blayney.
Debrett’s Peerage and Baronetage first published.[5]
Elizabeth Raffald’s cookbook The Experienced English Housekeeper.
William
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